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Year started living with first husband or partner

Values for this variable represent a year, except for the following codes:
9995 = Not interviewed (female questionnaire)
9996 = Not interviewed (household questionnaire)
9997 = Don't know
9998 = No response or missing
9999 = NIU (not in universe)


For women who have been married more than once, COHAB1STSTARTYR reports the calendar year the respondent started living with her first husband or partner.

Enumerators were instructed to enter the date as January 1st, 2020 if the respondent did not give a response to the associated survey question. IPUMS has recoded these cases to "No response or missing."

The question associated with this variable was included in the female questionnaire.


In some samples, enumerators are instructed to confirm the respondent's answer if she reported living with a husband or partner before age 15. See questionnaire text for more details.

In two samples from Ghana (2014a and 2016a), answers to COHAB1STSTARTYR were recorded for a small number of women who had been married only once. This does not appear to be a systematic change in the universe, and these data reflect the original PMA data, without any editing by IPUMS.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

COHAB1STSTARTYR in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable MAR1STYR in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; please see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Women aged 15 to 49 who have been married more than once.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2018
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2014-2018
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2018
  • Ghana: 2014-2017
  • India: 2016-2018
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2018
  • Niger: 2015-2018
  • Nigeria: 2014-2018
  • Uganda: 2014-2018