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Total number of ducks on homestead

This is a 5-digit variable that represents the number of ducks on the homestead, except for the following codes:

99990 = Logical edit
99996 = Not interviewed (household questionnaire)
99997 = Don't know
99998 = No response
99999 = NIU (not in universe)


DUCKHOME reports the total number of ducks on the household's homestead, regardless of who owns them.

Users should be careful to distinguish this variable from DUCKNUM (the number of ducks owned by the household).

Enumerators were instructed to code "Don't know" or "No response" cases as -88 and -99, respectively. However, in some samples, a select number of enumerators recorded an unexpectedly high number of 88 and 99 values for livestock variables. We believe the majority of these cases were intended to represent "don't know" and "no responses" instead of indicating a number of livestock. IPUMS has recoded these cases to "Logical edit - missing".

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.

Comparability — Index



DUCKHOME varies slightly across samples in question wording. Most samples asked about the presence of ducks specifically on the homestead, but some samples included other birds in the same question.

Comparability — Niger [top]

The Round 1 and 2 surveys ask about the presence of ducks and geese on the homestead.


  • Persons in households with livestock on the homestead.


  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2015-2017
  • Niger: 2015-2017