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First FP method ever used (numeric, recoded)

Codes and Frequencies

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FP1STMETHODRC reports the most effective family planning method the woman used when she first started using family planning. The woman is asked which method or methods she first used, and is prompted to report more than one if applicable. All of the woman's responses are recorded. For women who are using only one method, that method is coded in FP1STMETHODRC. For those using multiple methods, the Open Data Kit (ODK) Collect software used by the PMA2020 interviewers automatically determines the most effective method based on a predetermined list of family planning methods. The codes used in this variable replicate this list, with the lower numbers being more effective (e.g., IUDs are more effective than male condoms, and therefore are assigned a lower code).

This variable is a PMA2020 recode of FP1STMETHOD. The woman's response in FP1STMETHOD is recoded in the following instance:

Women who reported use of the Sayana Press injectable contraceptive method are coded into an unspecified "Injectables" category in FP1STMETHOD, but are recoded as "Injectables (Sayana Press)" in FP1STMETHODRC.

The question associated with this variable was included in the female questionnaire.


The response categories for FP1STMETHODRC vary slightly across samples. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-PMA uses composite coding, where the first digit distinguishes between modern methods and traditional methods. The second digit within these broad categories identifies a general subcategory, and the third digit retains detail present in only some samples.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

FP1STMETHODRC in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable FP1METH, which reports the first contraceptive method the woman used, in IPUMS-DHS. For women who report multiple methods in FP1METH, interviewers are instructed to follow the skip patterns for the more effective method based on a predetermined list of family planning methods. IPUMS-PMA users should note the two variables do not use the same codes, and the coding scheme in the IPUMS-DHS variable does not reflect a given method's effectiveness. See the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Women age 15-49 who have ever used a family planning method to delay or avoid pregnancy.


  • Burkina Faso: 2016-2018
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2015-2018
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2018
  • Ethiopia: 2018
  • India: 2018
  • Kenya: 2018
  • Niger: 2018
  • Nigeria: 2017-2018
  • Uganda: 2018