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Respondent showed interviewer handwashing container, soap, or water

Codes and Frequencies

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HANDWASHCONOBS indicates whether the respondent could show the interviewer any soap, water, or movable container available in the household used for hand washing.

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

HANDWASHCONOBS in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable HWSOAP in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information. Note that IPUMS-DHS does not distinguish between a fixed place for handwashing and a movable container.


  • Persons in households that have a fixed place or moveable container to wash hands.


  • Burkina Faso: 2015-2016
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2015-2016
  • Ethiopia: 2016
  • Ghana: 2014-2015
  • Kenya: 2015
  • Nigeria: 2016
  • Uganda: 2015-2016