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Handwashing place observation: soap
Group: Sanitation

Codes and Frequencies

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HWSOAP indicates whether soap is observed by the enumerator in households with a fixed place for hand washing.

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

HWSOAP in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable HWSOAP in IPUMS-DHS. However, note that HWSOAP does not distinguish between households with a fixed place for hand washing and households with movable containers for hand washing, while HWSOAP does make this distinction. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Persons that have and can show a fixed place to wash hands or have a movable container for hand washing.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2017
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2017
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2018
  • Ghana: 2013-2017
  • India: 2016-2018
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2017
  • Niger: 2015-2018
  • Nigeria: 2014-2018
  • Uganda: 2014-2018