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Has bed

Codes and Frequencies

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BED indicates whether the household owns a bed.

Respondents were asked to report what assets the household owned in order to calculate a wealth index based on assets. This information can be found in the variables SCORE, WEALTHQ, and WEALTHT.

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.

Comparability — Index



Apart from slight variation in question wording, BED is largely comparable across samples. Most commonly, the survey asked the respondent "Does your household have: A bed?", and included the instructions "If an item is reported broken but said to be out of use only temporarily, select the item. Otherwise do not select the item." Some samples, as noted below, diverge from this standard convention.

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

The Round 1 survey does not include the instructions to exclude permanently broken items.

The Round 3 and 4 surveys ask if the household has "A bed with cotton/sponge/spring mattress?"

Comparability — Ghana [top]

The Round 1, 2, and 3 surveys do not include the instructions to exclude permanently broken items.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

BED in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable BED in IPUMS-DHS. Slight variation in question wording and universes between the two variables may affect comparability; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • All persons.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2016
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2017
  • Ghana: 2013-2016
  • India: 2016-2017
  • Kenya: 2014, 2016
  • Nigeria: 2014
  • Uganda: 2014-2017