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This is a 5-digit variable that represents a number of camels owned, except for the following codes:

99990 = Logical edit
99996 = Not interviewed (household questionnaire)
99997 = Don't know
99998 = No response
99999 = NIU (not in universe)


CAMELNUM reports the total number of camels owned by the household.

Users should be careful to distinguish this variable from CAMELHOME (the number of camels on the homestead, which may or may not be owned by the household).

Respondents were asked to report what assets the household owned in order to calculate a wealth index based on assets. This information can be found in the variables SCORE, WEALTHQ, and WEALTHT.

Enumerators were instructed to code "Don't know" or "No response" cases as -88 and -99, respectively. However, in some samples, a select number of enumerators recorded an unexpectedly high number of 88 and 99 values for livestock variables. We believe the majority of these cases were intended to represent "don't know" and "no responses" instead of indicating a number of livestock. IPUMS has recoded these cases to "Logical edit - missing".

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

CAMELNUM in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable CAMELNUM in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; please see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Persons in households that own livestock.


  • Ethiopia: 2014-2019, 2021
  • India: 2016-2018, 2020-2022
  • Niger: 2015-2018, 2020, 2022-2023