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How many health experiences in last 12 mo: list 1, abortion excluded

Codes and Frequencies

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CTRL1YR reports the number of health experiences a woman has had in the previous year, up to a maximum of 4 experiences, as selected from the following list:

Had your menstrual period
Used contraceptive injections
Visited a health facility or camp
Had a C-section

CTRL1YR duplicates the list of experiences provided in ABOR1YR, but with the notable omission of "had an induced abortion". The data collectors randomly assigned surveyed women aged 15 to 49 into two subgroups. The universe for ABOR1YR is subgroup 1. Subgroup 2 gave responses to CTRL1YR. Hence, a proportion of women who have had an induced abortion in the past year may be inferred through a comparison of ABOR1YR and CTRL1YR, thereby mitigating some degree of social desirability bias that normally impacts self-reported measures of abortion service utilization.
Further, this proportion may be compared to a proportion similarly derived from ABOR2YR and CTRL2YR, which measure abortion service utilization against a listing of 4 different health experiences.


There are no comparability issues.


  • Women aged 15-49 randomly assigned to the second of two subgroups.


  • India: 2017