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Done anything to delay or avoid getting pregnant

Codes and Frequencies

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FPEVUSE indicates whether the woman has ever used a method of family planning or done anything to delay or avoid getting pregnant.

The question associated with this variable was included in the female questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

FPEVUSE in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable FPEVUSE in IPUMS-DHS. The IPUMS-PMA variable is based on the single, direct question "Have you ever used anything or tried in any way to delay or avoid getting pregnant?" The IPUMS-DHS variable is constructed from a series of questions and reports if the woman has ever used a modern method, folkloric method, traditional method, or has never used a method of family planning. See the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Women aged 15-49.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2018, 2020-2022
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2021
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018, 2020-2022
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2019, 2021
  • Ghana: 2013-2017
  • India: 2016-2018, 2020-2022
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2021
  • Niger: 2015-2018, 2020, 2022-2023
  • Nigeria: 2014-2021
  • Uganda: 2014-2022