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Has lamp

Codes and Frequencies

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LAMP indicates whether the household has a lamp.

Respondents were asked to report what assets the household owned in order to calculate a wealth index based on assets. This information can be found in the variables SCORE, WEALTHQ, and WEALTHT.

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.

Comparability — Index



Apart from slight variation in question wording, there are no comparability issues. Most commonly, the survey asked "Does your household have a lamp?"

Comparability — Ethiopia [top]

Starting in Round 3, the survey asks "Does your household have a kerosene lamp / pressure lamp?"

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

LAMP in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable LAMP in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • All persons.


  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2015-2016
  • Ethiopia: 2015-2017