This is a 2-digit variable that represents the number of milk cows, oxen, or bulls on the household's homestead, except for the following codes:
90 = Logical edit - missing
96 = Not interviewed (household questionnaire)
97 = Don't know
98 = No response
99 = NIU (not in universe)
MILKOXBULLHOME reports the number of milk cows, oxen, or bulls on the household's homestead, regardless of who owns them.
Users should be careful to distinguish this variable from MILKOXBULLNUM (the number of milk cows, oxen, or bulls owned by the household).
Enumerators were instructed to code "Don't know" or "No response" cases as -88 and -99, respectively. However, in some samples, a select number of enumerators recorded an unexpectedly high number of 88 and 99 values for livestock variables. We believe the majority of these cases were intended to represent "don't know" and "no responses" instead of indicating a number of livestock. IPUMS has recoded these cases to "Logical edit - missing".
The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.
Comparability — Index
Apart from slight variation in question wording, there are no comparability issues. Most commonly, the survey asked about the presence of milk cows, oxen, or bulls on the homestead, but some surveys deviated slightly from this standard.
Comparability — Ghana [top]
The Round 3 and 4 surveys asked about the presence of "milk cows or bulls" on the homestead, and did not explicitly include oxen.
- Persons in households with livestock on the homestead.
- Ethiopia: 2014-2017
- Ghana: 2014-2017