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WALLS
Main exterior wall material
Group: Housing

Codes and Frequencies







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Description

WALLS reports the main material of the walls of the household. This variable is based on the interviewer's observation, not the interviewee's response.

The type of walls found in the household is used to calculate a wealth index based on the household's cumulative living standard. This information can be found in the variables SCORE, WEALTHQ, and WEALTHT.

The question associated with this variable was included in the household questionnaire.

Comparability

The response categories for WALLS vary across samples. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-PMA uses composite coding, where the first digit broadly distinguishes between walls made of natural materials, rudimentary materials, and finished materials. The second digit within these broad categories identifies a general subcategory (e.g., brick), and the third digit retains detail present in only some samples (e.g., burnt brick).


WALLS in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable WALL in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

WALLS in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable WALL in IPUMS-DHS. There may be differences in questionnaire text or the variable's universe; see the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.

Universe

  • Burkina Faso 2014 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Burkina Faso 2015 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Burkina Faso 2016 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Burkina Faso 2016 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Burkina Faso 2017 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2013 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2014 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2015 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2015 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kongo Central) 2015 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2016 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kongo Central) 2016 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kinshasa) 2017 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Congo Democratic Republic (Kongo Central) 2017 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Cote D'Ivoire 2017 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Cote D'Ivoire 2018 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2014 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2014 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2015 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2016 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2017 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ethiopia 2018 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2013 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2014 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2014 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2015 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2016 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Ghana 2017 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.
  • India 2016 (Rajasthan) Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • India 2017 (Rajasthan) Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • India 2017 (Rajasthan) Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • India 2018 (Rajasthan) Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Indonesia 2015 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Indonesia 2016 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2014 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2014 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2015 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2015 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2016 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Kenya 2017 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Niger 2015 (Niamey) Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Niger 2016 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Niger 2016 (Niamey) Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Niger 2017 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Niger 2018 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2014 (Kaduna) Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2014 (Lagos) Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2015 (Kaduna) Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2015 (Lagos) Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2016 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2017 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2017 (Oyo) Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Nigeria 2018 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2014 Round 1 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2015 Round 2 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2015 Round 3 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2016 Round 4 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2017 Round 5 Female and Household: All persons.
  • Uganda 2018 Round 6 Female and Household: All persons.

Availability

  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2017
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2017
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2018
  • Ghana: 2013-2017
  • India: 2016-2018
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2017
  • Niger: 2015-2018
  • Nigeria: 2014-2018
  • Uganda: 2014-2018