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Most effective current FP method (numeric, recoded)

Codes and Frequencies

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FPCURREFFMETHRC reports the most effective family planning method the woman is currently using. The woman is asked which method or methods she is currently using, and is prompted to report more than one if applicable. All of the woman's responses are recorded. For women who are using only one method, that method is coded in FPCURREFFMETHRC. For those using multiple methods, the Open Data Kit (ODK) Collect software used by the PMA2020 interviewers automatically determines the most effective method based on a predetermined list of family planning methods. The codes used in this variable replicate this list, with the lower numbers being more effective (e.g., IUDs are more effective than male condoms, and therefore are assigned a lower code).

This variable is a PMA2020 recode of FPCURREFFMETH. The woman's response in FPCURREFFMETH is recoded for the purposes of this variable in the following instances:

Women who report current use of the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) in FPCURREFFMETH must meet the following conditions to be coded as "LAM" in FPCURREFFMETHRC:

a. they must be less than six months post-partum (see LASTDOBCMC)
b. they must be amenorrheic (not currently menstruating) (see TIMEMENSTRUATE and TIMEMENSTRUATEVAL)
c. they must report that they are using LAM with the intention of avoiding or delaying a pregnancy (see FPNOWUSBF)

If any of these conditions are not met, these women are coded as "other traditional" in FPCURREFFMETHRC.

Additionally, women who did not report current use of a contraceptive method (and are thus coded as "NIU (not in universe)" in FPCURREFFMETH) are coded as "emergency contraception" in FPCURREFFMETHRC if they reported using this method at all in the last 12 months.

Lastly, women who reported current use of the Sayana Press injectable contraceptive method are coded into an unspecified "Injectables" category in FPCURREFFMETH, but are recoded as "Injectables (Sayana Press)" in FPCURREFFMETHRC.

The question associated with this variable was included in the female questionnaire.


The response categories for FPCURREFFMETHRC vary slightly across samples. To maximize comparability, IPUMS-PMA uses composite coding, where the first digit distinguishes between modern methods and traditional methods. The second digit within these broad categories identifies a general subcategory, and the third digit retains detail present in only some samples.

Comparability with IPUMS-DHS

FPCURREFFMETHRC in IPUMS-PMA is similar to the variable FPMETHNOW, which reports the contraceptive method the woman is currently using, in IPUMS-DHS. For women who report multiple methods in FPMETHNOW, interviewers are instructed to follow the skip patterns for the more effective method based on a predetermined list of family planning methods. IPUMS-PMA users should note the two variables do not use the same codes, and the coding scheme in the IPUMS-DHS variable does not reflect a given method's effectiveness. See the Survey Text and Universe Tab of the IPUMS-DHS variable for more information.


  • Women age 15-49 who are currently using a method of family planning.


  • Burkina Faso: 2016-2018
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2015-2018
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2017-2018
  • Ghana: 2016
  • India: 2017-2018
  • Indonesia: 2016
  • Kenya: 2016-2018
  • Niger: 2016-2018
  • Nigeria: 2016-2018
  • Uganda: 2017-2018