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Modern contraceptive user

Codes and Frequencies

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MCP indicates whether the woman is currently using a modern family planning method to delay or avoid becoming pregnant. PMA2020 considers sterilization, hormonal and barrier methods, emergency contraception, lactational amenorrhea method (LAM), and the standard days/cycle beads method to be modern methods of contraception.

In most cases MCP is derived from responses recorded in FPCURREFFMETH, which reports the most effective family planning method the woman is currently using. Women who do not report current use of a modern contraceptive method are coded as "Yes" in MCP if:

a. they reported using emergency contraception in the last 12 months (FPEFFECTIVEYR)
b. they reported female sterilization as their first contraceptive method (FP1STMETHOD)

Additionally, women who report current use of the LAM must meet the following conditions to be coded as "Yes" in MCP:

a. they must be less than six months post-partum (see LASTDOBCMC)
b. they must be amenorrheic (not currently menstruating) (see TIMEMENSTRUATE and TIMEMENSTRUATEVAL)
c. they must report that they are using LAM with the intention of avoiding or delaying a pregnancy (see FPNOWUSBF)

If any of these conditions are not met, the woman is coded as "No" in MCP and "Yes" in TCP, which indicates whether the woman is currently using a traditional contraceptive method.

Users may also be interested in CP, which indicates whether or not the woman is currently using any contraceptive method.

The questions associated with this variable were included in the female questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.


  • Women age 15-49.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2019
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2019
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2019
  • Ghana: 2013-2017
  • India: 2016-2018
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2019
  • Niger: 2015-2018
  • Nigeria: 2014-2019
  • Uganda: 2014-2018