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Traditional contraceptive users

Codes and Frequencies

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TCP indicates whether the woman is currently using a traditional family planning method to delay or avoid becoming pregnant. PMA2020 considers the rhythm method and withdrawal to be traditional methods of contraception.

The values in TCP are constructed from the variable FPCURREFFMETH, which reports the most effective family planning method the woman is currently using. It is important to note that women who report current use of the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) may be coded as "Yes" in TCP if they fail to meet any of the following conditions:

a. they must be less than six months post-partum (see LASTDOBCMC)
b. they must be amenorrheic (not currently menstruating) (see TIMEMENSTRUATE and TIMEMENSTRUATEVAL)
c. they must report that they are using LAM with the intention of avoiding or delaying a pregnancy (see FPNOWUSBF)

If all of these conditions are met, these women are coded as "No" in TCP and "Yes" in MCP, which indicates whether the woman is currently using a modern contraceptive method.

Users may also be interested in CP, which indicates whether or not the woman is currently using any contraceptive method.

The questions associated with this variable were included in the female questionnaire.


There are no comparability issues.


  • Women age 15-49.


  • Burkina Faso: 2014-2019
  • Congo (Democratic Republic): 2013-2019
  • Cote d'Ivoire: 2017-2018
  • Ethiopia: 2014-2019
  • Ghana: 2013-2017
  • India: 2016-2018
  • Indonesia: 2015-2016
  • Kenya: 2014-2019
  • Niger: 2015-2018
  • Nigeria: 2014-2019
  • Uganda: 2014-2018