IPUMS PMA Survey Notes

Survey Types

IPUMS PMA comprises several different type of surveys, collected by the same organization and using similar data collection techniques. A basic understanding of the structure and characteristics of each survey is essential for leveraging these data well. Below are descriptions of each file found on the IPUMS PMA online data dissemination system.

Household and Female surveys

The core of IPUMS PMA are the household and female surveys conducted by Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA) in 11 countries since 2013. These are cross-sectional surveys of sampled households and women of childbearing age (15 to 49) who reside in the household. The household respondent provides information about the wealth, water sources, sanitation facilities, and other housing characteristics. The female interview includes questions about family planning use, fertility preferences, fertility history, and other topics.

Data file structure: Each record is a person within a household. Women of childbearing age have household characteristics attached to their record. These files include nonrespondents to both the household questionnaire and female questionnaire. By default, the online dissemination system selects only female respondents, but users may choose to include household members and/or nonrespondents in their data extracts.

How to get these data: On the online data dissemination system, choose the Person unit of analysis.

Service Delivery Point (SDP) surveys

In parallel with the Household and Female surveys, enumerators interviewed a knowledgeable staff person at up to 3 public and up to 3 private health facilities in the same enumeration areas (EAID) as the household and female surveys in the same years. This allows researchers to use microdata to describe the service delivery environment in which the women live. See our user note on how to use SDP data with household and female data.

Data file structure: Each record is a health facility. In order to use these data with the household and female files, researchers need to calculate summary statistics at the EAID level and merge to a household and female file of the same country(ies) and round(s).

How to get these data: On the online data dissemination system, choose the Service Delivery Point unit of analysis.

Maternal and Newborn Health

In Ethiopia, PMA collects data on maternal and newborn health. Enumerators conducted household roster surveys of all households in sampled enumeration areas to find households with pregnant women. Then, a female screening survey was conducted for each pregnant woman. Enumerators followed up in person at 7 days and 6 weeks after the woman's delivery, and then either by phone or in person at 6 months after delivery.

Data file structure: Each record is an infant (both live and stillbirth). There are several cases of twins, in which case the attributes of the mother and the household are attached on each infant's record. Therefore, in each file, mothers of twins will be represented twice. There are also a small number of cases of households with more than one pregnant women. These households will also be represented more than once.

How to get these data: On the online data dissemination system, choose the Infant unit of analysis.